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FINAL STEP: In their story, TO WHOM are the character(s) TALKING?

Once an interper knows where their story takes Place (Environment) and what they are Doing, the last question is TO WHOM they are talking to in the moment.

If the character speaks to another character in the story, the performer will talk directly to them through a FOCAL POINT. This focus is a fixed spot in which the interper’s imagination pretends they are seeing and talking to another character in their story. There might be more than one other character in their story. Thus multiple focal points will be necessary. As you watch the performance, notice that the focal points are not wide. Interpers need to keep their focal points fairly centered to indicate another character cleanly and smoothly.

Group of four people on a screen and one person sitting on the ground looking up at them
If the interper delivers a monologue and no one else is in the story with them, they must decide to whom they are speaking. A character is never talking to the speech audience. To make the monologue powerful, the performer must invent the person they are speaking to in their story. In other words, the stakes of the conversation should be high. The urgency to complete the task drives the desperation of the character to achieve their spine. This imaginary give and take (with their audience) will make their monologue much more engaging and believable. Sometimes it takes several imaginary tries to discover just the right person to create the monologue’s tension. 

Note: The speech audience should not exist in the mind of the interper. 


Believable performances take place somewhere and at some time. Environmental details are the lifeblood of creating a fully realized interpretation. Each physical component produced by the interper provides clues to the audience of what is essential to the character. Believable blocking offers the interper the opportunity to make an imaginary world look like a real world. If the interper “sees in their mind’s eye” their world, the audience will “see” where the character(s) exist.